The Wellington Bomber


Hundreds of Wellington Bombers were flown by the RAF during the Second World War but there are only two left and one currently on display.  It can be seen at Brooklands Museum in Surrey.  There is an interesting story to this plane:  an American TV crew were searching in Loch Ness for the Monster when they came upon the Wellington Bomber that had crashed, with one fatality, during a training mission in December 1940.  The plane was recovered in September 1985 and has been painstakingly restored.  In July 2015, members of the crews families were invited to Brooklands and were allowed to sit inside this very fragile plane.  They all agreed it was a very sobering experience, sitting where their family members would have been stationed.

View the following film about the plane’s restoration:

Technical information about the Vickers Wellington (Bomber variants)

Twin-engined day bomber to meet Operational Requirement OR.5 and conforming to Specification B.9/32, designed under Rex Pierson and Barnes Wallis. Initial studies (as Vickers Type 249) with R-R Goshawk or Bristol Perseus engines, but definitive prototype (Type 271) as ordered in September 1933 powered by 980 hp Bristol Pegasus X engines. Geodetic construction, gross weight of 21,000 Ib (9,526 kg) and defensive armament of single 0.303-in (7.7-mm) guns in nose, tail and dorsal positions. Unarmed, prototype K4049 first flown at Weybridge on June 15, 1936; provisionally known as Crecy until name Vickers Wellington confirmed in September. Lost on April 19, 1937, during A&AEE trials at Martlesham Heath, by which time first production contract placed. R3236 was a Vickers Wellington 1C: Similar to Mk IA, but FN9 ventral turret deleted. Two belt-fed 0.303-in (7.7-mm) Brownings in beam mountings, one each side. Electrical system changed from 12 to 24-volt, and hydraulic system revised. Production (Vickers Type 405) totalled 1,056 at Weybridge (of which four completed as later marks), 1,583 at Chester and 50 at Vickers-operated caption factory at Squires Gate, Blackpool. Bomb-load could include one 4,000-lb (1,814-kg) bomb on 33 Mk ICs with Vickers Type 453 modification. Deliveries from April 1940, and formed backbone of Bomber Command through 1941, primarily in squadrons of 3 Group. Operational in Middle East from September 1940, initially with No 70 Sqn, RAF, and in the Far East (India) from April 1942, initially with No 214 Sqn. One to CLE in March 1942, with parachute exit in place of ventral turret Max speed, 234 mph (377 km/h) at 15,200ft (4,633 m). Economical cruising speed, 165 mph (266 km/h) at 10,000ft (3,050 m). Time to 10,000ft (3,050 m), 25 min. Service ceiling, 16,000 ft (4,877 m). Range with max bombs, 1,0-55 mis (1,698 km). Empty weight, 18,800 Ib (8,528 kg). Gross weight, 30,000 Ib (13,608 kg). Span, 86ft 2 in (26.26 m). Length, 64 ft 7 in (19.69 m). Wing area, 830 sq ft (77 m2) Rear turret of a Wellington (Similar turrets were use in Lancasters)

There are many video clips about the Wellington Bomber on You Tube but one which is particularly interesting is the attempt to build a Wellington in 24 Hours: